Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google. It is based on the Linux kernel and currently supports devices ranging from smartphones to tablets and televisions. Android was first unveiled in 2007, along with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance, a consortium of hardware, software, and telecommunications companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices. The first Android-powered phone, the HTC Dream, was released in 2008. Android is designed primarily for touchscreen devices, with an interface based on direct manipulation, using fingers or an optional stylus. It provides a multitasking environment with a home screen panel for shortcuts and widgets and a dock at the bottom of the screen where users can pin their most frequently used apps. The notification area provides alerts and quick access to settings. Android supports a wide range of apps developed both by Google and third-party developers. These include Gmail, YouTube, Chrome, Google Maps, and the Google Play Store. Android also offers built-in support for voice commands with its Google Assistant feature.

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